Problems often occur between one country with another country. Or one country with many countries caused by certain things. One of the roles of international law is to maintain world and inter-country peace. World peace will be difficult to achieve without International Law. Another function of International Law is to organize a fair war. Stop the arms race, and regulate international relations. Therefore, each country is obliged to follow the rules that have been made and agreed internationally for international peace to materialize.
Understanding of International Law for a Country
International law is the law that governs relations between countries in the world. This International Law not only deals with behavioral issues and interstate relations. It also deals with the structure and behavior of international organizations. And multinational & individual companies to some extent.
History of International Law
International law developed since the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. However, in its development, it is not as complicated as international law today. Where international law not only regulates peace and security. But it also concerns the problem of terrorism, economy, technology and maintaining peace between countries.
One of the most important events in the history of modern International Law is the occurrence of Westphalia peace around the year 1648. Where the treaty produced remarkable peace. Because in addition to ending the war 30 years. The Westphalia treaty made changes to the political landscape that occurred because of the war in Europe
Forms of International Law
Broadly speaking, there are two forms of international law namely regional international law and special international law.
First, International Regional Law. This form of international law that is only applicable or limited to the environments environment. For example Latin American International law. That is international law that applies in Latin America region. And, many other examples you can find.
Second, Special International Law. In contrast to regional international law, this particular international law applies to a group of specific countries through international treaties.